Carpet is typically made from one of four fibers: nylon, olefin, polyester, and wool. Wool is typically the most expensive (although it is not washable), followed by nylon, olefin (also referred to as polypropylene), and polyester, respectively. Nylon and other synthetics are washable.
Residential Carpet is 3/8 to ½ inch thick, is often made of nylon, and comes in a variety of styles, from friezes to berbers. It’s most often installed over a cushion and fastened down with tack strips.
Commercial Carpeting features a dense, short nap designed to withstand heavy use. There is little or no cushion, making it less comfortable underfoot. It is an excellent choice for some home applications such as over concrete or in a home office or hobby space because of how it wears with rolling chairs and heavier objects. For added durability, commercial carpet requires a glued rather than stretched installation.
Outdoor Carpeting is designed to withstand water and sunlight. Most outdoor carpets are made from olefin, a waterproof synthetic fiber. Outdoor carpeting has a special backing made of mildew-resistant fabric and requires a glue0down installation.
Textured Plush (Cut Pile) – This dense carpet has tightly twisted fibers and feels soft underfoot. The textured surface disguises tracks and is one of the best selling carpets.
Saxony Plush (Cut Pile) – The carpet has longer fibers that are lightly twisted. It has a luxuriously smooth and soft finish that makes it great for traditional interiors such as living and dining rooms. It readily shows footprints and vacuum lines.
Frieze (Cut Pile) – Pronounced “free-zay” this carpet has dense twisted fibers that curl in different directions. This is a fairly new style that is growing in popularity for residential use because it disguises tracks and dirt.
Level Loop – This carpet features tightly packed loops that are all the same height. This style is very popular for commercial use because of its great wear ability.
Berber (Loop) – This level loop carpet is made with a thicker yarn. Its tight construction eliminates tracks. Berber wears very well and is suited for casual rooms with lots of activity. It’s dirt resistant and cleans easily. In the late 90’s this style became very popular for residential installation because of its characteristics mentioned above. The one downfall that people have discovered is that house-hold pet’s claws can get stuck in the loops and when they are pulled up, the carpet becomes dislodged from the backing.
Multilevel Loop – Another style that is very popular in commercial applications, this carpet loops at different heights to create a pattern. It hides tracks and his dirt resistant; greater variations in height can cause dirt to accumulate on lower sections.
Cut and Loop – A combination of cut and looped fibers create the pattern. This style is becoming very popular in residential applications because of the beautiful patterns that can be created in the carpeting. This style is more expensive than most but it wears wonderfully and hides dirt and track marks.